ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: HYDROLYSIS OF PECTIN: STUDY OF PECTINOLYTIC FUNGI RESIDING IN MANDEEPKHOL CAVE, RAJNANDGAON DISTRICT OF CHHATTISGARH, INDIA
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Arunima Karkun *
Abstract: Pectin is a complex colloidal acidic polysaccharide present in the primary cell wall and middle lamella of fruits and vegetables. Some species of fungi are an important microflora which help in degradation of pectin. For biomass utilization, waste management, organic farming and various other industrial purpose the pectin degrading-enzymes will help to achieve tremendous benefits.In present studies a total of 71 fungal species were isolated from Mandeepkhol cave which is situated in Chhattisgarh state and is located in deep forest. The studies were performed to evaluate the degradative potency of fungal species for pectin digestion. The assessment was done on the basis of zone of digestion and mycelial dry weight. Further quantitative test was also performed. Results show that out of total species studied 25 species were found to produce pectin degrading enzyme in substantial tune. Out of 25 species, best grown species were Alternaria alternata, Penicillium mealagrinum var. viridiflavum, Penicillium. citrinum, Aspergillus ochraceous, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger andPhanerochaete chyrsosporium.
Keyword: Degradation, Pectin, Biomass and Mandeepkhol cave