ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF SHIROVIRECHANA KARMA IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF HEADACHE: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Priyanka Sharma *, Alok Kumar Srivastava, Parul Sharma, K.K. Sharma, Priya Kutiyal
Abstract: Headache refers to a variety of head pains and discomfort. Prevalence among adults is about 50%. Females are more prone than men. It affects people of all ages, races, income levels and geographical areas. It often results into increased personal and social burdens of pain, disability, damaged quality of life, and financial cost. Depending on the cause the International Headache Society classified various types of headaches into primary and secondary. Treatment of a headache depends on the underlying cause, but commonly involves analgesics which when used continuously have serious side effects. So it is the need of the hour to bring forward such treatment options which do not cause much side-effect and give positive results in the management of headache with minimal use of oral drugs. Shirahshoola is a disease in Ayurveda which involves all kinds of headache. Management through Ayurveda includes various Panchakarma (the five cleansing therapies) procedures like Shirovirechana Karma (Errhine therapy), Shirodhara (therapy that involves gently pouring liquids over forehead), Shirobasti (holding medicated oil on the head for a specific period of time with the help of cap), Shiroabhyanga (head massage) etc. Shirovirechana karma is one of the commonly practiced procedures in the disorders of head and neck. It can be used as preventive measure in different stressful conditions.
Keyword: Headache, Shirahshoola, Panchakarma, Shirodhara, Shirovirechana Karma