ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: SCREENING OF MANGO LEAVES (MANGIFERA INDICA L.) VARIETIES IN INDONESIA FOR ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY IN STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Novi Fajar Utami *, Prasetyorini, Rike Khaerunissa, Indria Pramitasari, Ade Herbayani
Abstract: Acne is a common chronic skin disease that involves the blockage and inflammation of the polysebase unit which causes one of them is the bacterial infection of Staphylococcus aureus. In Indonesia, there are several varieties of mango plants (Mangifera indica L), including gedong mango, apple mango, simanalagi mango, and arumanis mango. The leaves of the mango are very abundant and have not been widely used by Indonesian people as traditional medicine as bacterial infection of Staphylococcus aureus. The main objective has investigated the presence of phytochemical constituents and antibacterial activity from several varieties of mango in Indonesia. Mango leaves varieties were extracted with 96% ethanol and screened for phytochemical constituents with standard procedure. The antibacterial activities of some mango leaves varieties were examined by minimum inhibitory concentration and inhibitory width by agar well diffusion and dilution method. Based on the results of phytochemical testing, four varieties of mango leaves in Indonesia, contain volatile oils, carbohydrates, glycosides, sterols, triterpenes, flavonoids, coumarins, tannins and saponins and the absence of anthraquinones, alkaloids and cardiac glycosides. In the antibacterial activity, arumanis mango shows the most potent inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus aureus with a MIC value of 40% and the width of the inhibitory value of 3.60 mm at a concentration of 40%.
Keyword: Mangifera indica L, Indonesia, Staphylococcus aureus, Leaves, Width of Inhibition