ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: PAIN MANAGEMENT IN AYURVEDA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANGAMARDA PRASHAMANA AND VEDANA STHAPANA MAHAKASHAYA OF CHARAKA: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Rinky Thakur *, Gopal C Nanda, Anuruddh Gupta, B. K. Bharali
Abstract: Pain management is a broader aspect in the field of Ayurveda and medical science. The modern science is in process of verifying a lot of herbal drugs for analgesic effect from plant kingdom and several drugs were in the process of getting the response also. In this aspect Charaka Samhita, the most trusted therapeutic oriented treatise of Ayurveda describes certain plant drugs exclusively with pain killing properties. In this reference angamarda prashamana and vedana sthapana groups are considered in which twenty specific plants have been enlisted by Charaka differentiating their pain killing effects like angamarda prashamana and vedana sthapana probably these two terms is having parallel corroboration with the antinociceptive and analgesic in modern system of medicine. Under these two groups twenty different plants were seen and all those individual plants were verified with experimental studies done so far. Though Ayurveda Pharmacopeal properties of those 20 plants are not identical to each other still it is matter of great astonishment how they could have been grouped for a specific purpose of action. In the present paper efforts were taken to verify from the experimental study to know the effect of Ayurvedic drugs and it was found amazing that those drugs described as angamarda prashamana are few in the group of antinociceptive properties and few are having analgesic effect. Similarly, vedana sthapana drugs were also found with some of them having antinociceptive and analgesic.
Keyword: Pain management, Angamarda prashamana, Vedana sthapana, Antinociceptive, Analgesic, Charaka.