ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: STUDIES ON EXTRACTION AND ESTIMATION OF BIODIESEL PARAMETERS IN SIX CYANOBACTERIA STRAINS
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: J. Amala Infant Joice *, B. Kalaiselvi, J. Felicita Florence, R. Kanmani, A. Motcha Rakkini and L. Mary Arul Rosaline
Abstract: The environmental pollution due to conventional fuels could be remediated by using biofuels. The alternative source was ‘biodiesel’, which could be extracted from plant and animal oils and also from microalgae. Cyanobacteria were found to be a major source of biodiesel due to their high lipid productivity and higher growth rate. In the present work, several Cyanobacterial strains of different taxons were chosen and the pigments such as chlorophyll, carotenoid, and other constituents such as carbohydrate, protein and lipid were extracted and estimated. The experimental results had shown that Oscillatoria sp. BDUT003 and Nostocsp. BDUARC10241 were potent strains in terms of growth and lipid production. The search for lipid and fatty acids will be able to serve as food and feed supplement and in pharmaceutical and fuel supplements as biodiesel.
Keyword: Alternative Fuels, Biodiesel, Microalgae, Cyanobacteria, Lipid Production.