ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: CONCEPT OF SANGYAHARANA (ANAESTHESIA) IN ANCIENT INDIA: A CRITICAL STUDY
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Hemanta Kumar Panigrahi *
Abstract: Sushruta was profoundly a surgeon and the Sushruta Samhita is the only consummate book we have which deals with the quandaries of practical surgery and midwifery. The paramountcy of anaesthesia was felt by surgeons since primitive age and they endeavoured to achieve this painless condition for surgery. For painless surgery Sushruta used Sangyaharana. It is in the Sushruta Samhita that we first come across a systematic method of arranging the surgical experiences of the older surgeons. Sushruta has described some dravyas like madya (Wine), mohachurna was described in Bhojaprabandha. Charaka has withal described tikshna sura should be given to the patient prior Surgery. Besides some Ayurveda drugs like Vacha, Ashwagandha, Bramhi, Parijata and Parasika yavani were described by numerous research scholars to utilize post operatively to truncate pain, swelling and solicitousness in the patients. However a chief herbal anaesthetic agent is still awaited. A historical perspective of the Sangyaharana (Anaesthesia) utilized by ancient surgeons were described in this study.
Keyword: Sangyaharana, Shalya, Anaesthesia