ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: A REVIEW ON GOMPHRENA GLOBOSA (L)
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Azmat Unnisa Esmat * and Sirisha Mittapally
Abstract: Gomphrena globosa (L.) is commonly referred to as the' Bachelor's button / Globe Amaranth / kenop flower and has been identified in a variety of traditional medicine systems for the treatment of various human diseases. The plant is native of America, spread widely to Asia. Various biological activities have been reported for Gomphrena species. All parts of Gomphrena globosa (L.) plant can be used as medicine against various diseases. G. Globosa leaves and flower used as a folk remedy, food colorant, oliguria, heat and empacho, hypertension, antioxidant, antimicrobial, cough, diabetes, kidney problems, hoarseness, bronchitis, jaundice and high cholesterol. The present review is to focus on the various extraction, phytochemical evaluation and pharmacological activities of plant Gomphrena globosa. Phytochemicals like betacyanin has been reported for significant antioxidant activity as well as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, analgesic, cytotoxic and as natural blood coagulant.
Keyword: Gomphrena globosa (L.), extraction methods, betacyanin, pharmacological activities.