ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: A REVIEW ON BALVATA VIGRAHA: AN ETIOLOGICAL FACTOR FOR SKELETAL INJURIES
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Vikas Bharmauria *, Manu Verma
Abstract: “Prabhriti”, mentioned by Sushruta in Sushruta Samhita as one of the etiological factors of “bhagna” has been interpreted as “Balvata Vigraha” by Dalhana in his commentary on Sushruta Samhita - the Nibandha Samgraha. Therefore, Balvata Vigraha (fighting against a stronger person) can commonly cause the skeletal injuries. Sushruta was the first to recognize this frequent mode of trauma resulting in skeletal injuries. Balvata Vigraha in today’s world simulates the maneuvers used in various grappling sports and in sports where blocking or tackling of the opponent is required. There is a large scale following of these sports among youth throughout the world. Wrestling and Kabaddi are among the most ancient and actively followed games in India. But, at the same time, these sports run a high risk of musculoskeletal injuries to any part of the body. Some of the injuries even prove to be catastrophic or fatal. The present article explores various fractures and dislocations which can occur due to these events according to modern parameters. The possible mechanisms that are involved in causation of such injuries have also been discussed.
Keyword: Prabhriti, Sushruta Samhita, bhagna, Balvata Vigraha, Nibandha Samgraha, Skeletal injuries, Grappling, Tackling