ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: AN AYURVEDIC APPROACH ON BASTI: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Govind Kumar Verma *, Niharika Shakya, Dharmendra Kumar Mishra, Rajesh Yadav, Piyush Gupta
Abstract: Basti Karma is one of thefive Purification/Expulsive/Biocleansing/Detoxifying Therapy (Samshodhana Chikitsa) advocated in Ayurveda as i.e. Vamana (Emesis Therapy), Virechana (Purgation Therapy), Basti (Enema Therapy), Nasya (Installation Therapy of medicine through nostrils) and Raktamokshana (Bloodletting Therapy). In Basti Karma, ayurvedic oils or decoctions are administered through Anal, Vaginal and Urethral routes depending on Adhisthanabheda Vyadhi. In modern medicine, Enemas are commonly given to clean the lower bowel as a last resort for constipation treatment. Basti Karma is classified into various types, based on type of ingredients, action of Basti and number of Basti in which medicines are selected as per the condition of disease and patient. Basti is commonly used alone or along with herbal medication in all Vatavyadhi (Musculo-neurological disorders), Amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis), Katishoola (Lumbosacral spondylosis), Apanavayu Dushti like Anaha (Distended Abdomen), Malavrodha (Constipation) and various types of other diseases i.e. Vatrakta (Gout), Pleehavridhi (Splenomegaly) etc. Basti Karma is divided in two types based on drugs, Sneha Basti (Anuvasana) and Niruha Basti (Aasthaapana). In Anuvasan Basti, medicated Oils/Ghrita are used, word Anuvasana indicates “To stay”, means which stay inside body for a longer duration, but still do not cause any complication. In Niruha Basti, Decoctions of herbal plants are the main content while other ingredients like Honey, Salt, and Oil and other drugs are incorporated to form a suspension. Word Niruha, indicates “To eliminate” or eliminate morbid Doshas or Disease from body and its synonym word “Asthapana” indicates “establish life span and age by Acharya Sushruta.
Keyword: Basti, Basti Karma, Ayurvedic Enema, Ayurvedic Enema Procedure.