ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: PHARMACOECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ANTIBIOTICS IN DIFFERENT CLINICAL SETTINGS OF HYDERABAD, PAKISTAN
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Jabeen Ammarah, Arain Mudassar Iqbal *, Dayo Abdullah, Ghoto Muhammad Ali, Shahnaz Saira, Fatima Eiman, Anwar Ramesha
Abstract: Pharmacoeconomics deals with the cost and consequences of pharmaceutical products and services. It helps in determination of drug therapies or treatments that gives maximum benefit at lower cost. The aim of this study is to evaluate prescribing trends of antibiotics and to analyze their cost effectiveness. This prospective, observational and non-interventional clinical study was led for a period of 6 months from April 2018 to September 2018 at Government hospital (Liaquat University hospital Hyderabad) and various private clinics of Hyderabad. Through purposive sampling technique 400 samples were gathered. 400 samples with various bacterial infections were included in which 170 patients had Urinary Tract Infections, and 216 had Respiratory Tract Infections 14 patients were suffering from H. Pylori. Levofloxacin was the most recommended class in UTI, while Macrolides was the most recommended class in RTI. Out of 400 patients 152 patients were recovered, 16 patients left therapy due to GIT symptoms and allergic reactions and remaining patients were out of reach. Costs of antibiotics were calculated according to the duration of therapy prescribed. Antibiotics were mostly prescribed for the duration of 7 days. To conclude, Cost of antibiotics therapy was high which puts a considerable burden on the patients.
Keyword: Pharmacoeconomics, Antibiotics, Hyderabad, Pakistan