ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: CONCEPT OF DOSHA IN AYURVEDA: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Afroja Yeasmin Akhtar Roji *, Murlidhar Paliwal
Abstract: Ayurveda is the most ancient medical science, which is still in practice because of its potent clinical philosophical perspective with treatment modules. Proper knowledge about tridosha is most important factor in the field of treatment. Tridosha stands for Vayu, Pitta and Kapha. Vayu partially generates the activities of the body through ionic exchange and means as action potential. The term pitta denotes the biochemical enzymes, hormones etc. Likewise, the term kapha is implied for the fluid like substances of the body responsible for the lubrication, satiation and immunity of the body. Tridosha are the causes for origin of the body in equilibrium condition and also responsible for the initiation of all pathology inside the body. These Tridoshas are called tristhuna (three main pillar) on which body sustains. As the Loka (macrocosm) is afflicted or maintained respectively by the morbidity and normal state of wind, sun and moon, so also the adhyatma-Loka (sentient world or microcosm) is either afflicted or maintained respectively by the morbidity and normal state of vayu, pitta and kapha. So, the concept of doshas is essential to be understood for proper application of principles of Ayurveda.
Keyword: Dosha, Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha, Srotas, Health, Disease.