ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: REVIEW ON THE PLANTS REPORTED IN THE ETHNOBOTANICAL PRACTICES FOR DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Karnam Chandrashekhar *
Abstract: No need to say that diarrhoeal disease is one of the major health concerns of the entire world. Many treatment modalities are put forth and tried to achieve the best control over the morbidity and mortality caused by the diarrhoeal disease. The resistance to the anti-microbial drugs, development of carrier state, misuse of antimicrobial drugs by the common people and change in the course of the disease after the use of antimicrobial drugs are really the worrisome issues in treating diarrhoeal disease. On the top of it, the prevalence of diarrhoea in children is so much high and severe that addressing it with a proper therapy, in some cases and in some occasions becomes very difficult. Initial approach with effective herbs, sometimes, makes wonders. Tribal people staying away from the urban areas, have their own plant remedies for treating different diarrhoeas. Uttar Pradesh is one among such states of India that possesses enormous knowledge of traditional practices such as ethno-medicine and folklore practices. Their utility needs to be brought under the ambit of the main streams of health practices. For the reason, some of them, may turn in to the remarkable source of drugs or lead compounds or the drug candidates. This study is based mainly on the data published in the articles related to ethnobotany, folklore practice and local utilization of medicinal plants by the people of different zones of Uttar Pradesh. This review reveals 117 medicinal plants belonging to 53 different botanical families utilized in the ethnobotanical practices for treating diarrhoeal disease in Uttar Pradesh.
Keyword: Ethnobotany, Diarrhoeal disease, Uttar Pradesh, Grahi, Astringent