ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: A DETAILED CADAVERIC STUDY ON GUDA MARMA WITH RESPECT TO ITS SURGICAL ANATOMY THROUGH DISSECTION
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Deepak Singh *, Khan Shazia Islamuddin
Abstract: Ayurveda is an ancient science which deals with theoretical and practical knowledge with help of cadaver, structural and functional activity. In various Ayurvedic textbooks mention Marma (vital points of the body) which is a vital part of the body. Ayurveda is an ancient science which deals with theoretical and practical knowledge with help of cadaver, structural and functional activity. The detailed knowledge of Marma (vital points of the body) is important from the surgical point of view surgical procedures like Agnikarma (thermal cauterization), Ksharakarma (therapeutic application of caustic material), Raktamokshana (bloodletting), etc. are used as a part of the surgery. The aim of this study is to reconstruct the concept of Guda Marma in the light of current knowledge and studied the applied aspect of Guda Marma. Cadaveric study was done in 5 human cadavers to visualize all the structures (muscles, artery, vein, nerve, etc.) of Guda (Anus) Pradesh (Anorectal region) in terms of Ayurvedic sciences and Modern Medical Sciences. The exact location, reginal anatomy as well as applied aspect of Guda Marma in terms of surgery were analyzed and correlated with modern sciences. Guda (Anus) is the seat of Prana (the breath of life) and it has regarded as one of the ten Prana (the breath of life) yatan. Guda Marma is one among the Mamsa Marma (vital points of the body) and categorized under Sadhya Prana (the breath of life) hara Marma (vital points of the body). The importance of this region can be assessed by the fact that two of the diseases of Guda (Anus) (Arsha and Bhagandara) have been considered as Mahagada. Guda Marma is the vital organ or site of the human body having a rich blood supply which correct knowledge and applied aspects concerning anorectal injuries and disorders is essential.
Keyword: Marma, Guda, Anal Canal, Ayurveda.