ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: A REVIEW ON CHARAKA SAMHITOKTA BHESHAJA PARIKSHA: ANCIENT METHODS OF DRUG STANDARDIZATION
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Sharavati Goroba Kamble *
Abstract: Charaka Samhita is one of the most important scientific evidence-based treatises of Ayurveda. Along with various important subjects it explains ten examination criteria of treatment. These are Karana i.e., Physician, Kaarana i.e., Medicine / Herb, Karyayoni i.e., Pathology, Karya i.e., equilibrium of Dhatus or Health, Karya Phala i.e., Relief, Anubandha i.e., Life span, Desha i.e., Place as well as Patients’ body, Kala i.e., year, seasons as well as stages of disease, Pravritti i.e., initiation of treating and Upaya i.e., best qualities of Physician, Medicine etc. except relief and life span which are objectives. Among these criteria Medicine holds the place next to the physician. Examination of a medicine is as important as the physician. In Charaka Samhita the standardization of the medicine is explained as Bheshaja Pariksha, which is elaborated in this article along with the example discussed in the text itself. With reference to this the points of Bheshaja Pariksha discussed in the text were compiled. The example of Madanaphala in the same text is compared with these points. Discussion is made based on points. It is observed that the guidelines discussed about standardization of drug are followed while mentioning the details of Madanaphala at various citations. The guidelines are in detail, exhaustive, scientific and ahead of time which can be followed even now for drug standardization.
Keyword: Bheshaja Pariksha, Standardization, Charaka Samhita, Madanaphala