ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: RELEVANCE OF LIFESTYLE DISEASES AND ITS TREATMENT IN AYURVEDIC PERSPECTIVE: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Priyadarshini *, Abdul Khader
Abstract: Lifestyle is how a person lives. It is an interest, opinion, behavior and behavioral orientation of an individual, group or culture. Lifestyle diseases are defined as diseases linked with the way people live their life. This is commonly caused by lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating, stress, Alcohol, drugs and smoking. The incidence of lifestyle diseases like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and obesity-associated with cardiovascular diseases are high on the rise. In Ayurveda, lifestyle disorders have been explained in different contexts. Santarpanajanya vikaras and diseases caused due to Gramya Ahara-Viharas, which are said in Charaka Samhita and Rasanimittameva Sthoulya concept in Sushruta Samhita are mainly considered under lifestyle diseases. In India, rapid urbanization and globalization largely contribute towards an increased number of people suffering from lifestyle disorders. The urban people have a less physically active lifestyle more exposure to products and technologies that could be unhealthy. As Ayurveda is a life science and describes the prevention and management of lifestyle disorders, the world is attracted to its potential. Ayurveda provides a better solution for lifestyle disorders in the form of Pathya Ahara (diet) and Vihara (lifestyle), Panchakarma treatment like shodhana (Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Raktamokshana and Nasya), Shamana chikitsa and Rasayana chikitsa. The main aim of Ayurveda is to provide an individual's physical, psychological, and spiritual well-being.
Keyword: Lifestyle disorders, Santarpana janya vikaras Nidana, Gramya Ahara – Vihara Nidana, Samprapti, Chikitsa.