ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: A CADAVERIC STUDY OF SEEMANTA MARMA
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Singh Neetu *
Abstract: Background: The marma sharira is a prime territory of Rachana sharira. Sushruta had elaborated marma sharira at a certain depth. Marma (vital area) is described in the Hindu scripture Atharva Veda. During the Vedic era, the Marma Sharira had particular importance in the case of war field. The seemanta marma is shira marma, kalantara pranahara. The nature of this marma is sandhi marma. Aims: There are very few studies regarding the cadaveric study of seemanta marma. This study aims to identify the possible anatomical structure and analyze those structures. Perhaps it could be helpful for future scholars of Ayurveda. Material and method: The review was performed based on traditional Ayurvedic classics and contemporary medical sciences, journals, publications, articles, e-journals etc. The region of seemanta marma and surrounding area was dissected, and complete anatomical study was done. Discussion: The term seemanta indicates that the bony joint is present in the skull region. The joints present in the skull region are mainly sutural joints and fibrous, which provide malleable head quality. There are five major sutures in adult like coronal suture, sagittal suture, lambdoid suture and two squamous sutures, the frontal sutures present in infant and children. Conclusion: It has a significant role during delivery and brain development, which allows normal vaginal birth of the head. It also offers normal cranial growth by proper fusion if the premature fusion of sutures occurs (craniosynostosis), which results in cranial malformation.
Keyword: Marma, Seemanta marma, Kalantara pranahara marma, Skull, Cranial sutures