ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: PACHANA AND DEEPANA CHIKITSA IN AMAVATA: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Jishna Prakash AK *
Abstract: Ama resulting from improper digestion and vitiated vata causes a disease known as amavata. As far as symptomatology is concerned, rheumatoid arthritis and amavata have similarities. so, recent scholars co-relate amavata with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis, due to its chronicity, incurability and complications, is considered a challenging disease for clinicians. Modern science provides only symptomatic relief, but the chief pathology remains untreated, leading to many side effects and serious complications. In the chikitsa sutra of amavata, pachana and deepana are the prime lines of treatment. Pachana chikitsa helps in ama pachana. Katu and tikta rasas are abundantly used in amavata, which serves the purpose of ama pachana and vatanulomana. Since there is agnimandya, the primary target should be to kindle the agni. The deepana dravyas helps in this state. These dravyas help in improving the status of agni and enhances its action. Amavata is a condition where the stiffness of the body occurs due to lodging of vitiated ama and vata in trika sandhi and also due to diminished function of agni at jatharagni, bhutagni and dhatwagni levels. Amavata is amashayottha vyadhi. Therefore, the best treatment that can be adopted in amavata is pachana of ama and agni deepana, which can be done both internally and externally, and ultimately leads to srotoshodhana, vatashamana and in the conversion of sama to nirama avastha of doshas which is the appropriate state of expelling the same.
Keyword: Amavata, Ama, Vata, Deepana, Pachana