ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECT OF AARTAVVAHA SROTAS: A REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Shipra Girdhar *, Rajesh Kumar Sharma, Dinesh Chandra Sharma
Abstract: Srotas, meaning channels or pores, are present throughout the visible body and at the “invisible” or subtle level of the cells, molecules, atoms, and subatomic strata. The nutrients and other substances are transported in and out of human physiology through these channels. When the flow of appropriate nutrients and energies through these channels is unimpeded, there is health; when there is excess, deficiency, or blockage in these channels’ disease can take root. The Sanskrit root "Srugatau (Sru + Tansi = Srotas)" signifies "moving, sifting, flowing, secreting, and leaking." The "structure through which Sravanam (flow) occurs" is Sravanat Srotanshi. Sravanat, according to Chakrapani, refers to the Sravarnam of Rasadi Poshya Dhatu. Srotas are the circulation channels that transport the Dhatus undergoing metamorphosis to their final destination. Different Acharyas mention a variety of numbers and types of Srotas. Srotas was explained by Acharya Charak from a medical perspective, while Acharya Sushrut explained Srotas from a surgical perspective. Artav-vaha srotas have two roots, according to Acharya Sushruta: Garbhasaya (uterus) and Artav-vaha Dhamani. Here, Artav-vaha Srotas, also known as Yogvahi Srotas, is Antermukh Srotas. Artava refers to menstrual blood, whereas Artav vaha Srotas refers to the part of the female reproductive system responsible for generating menstrual blood and the passages that carry it during the monthly cycle.
Keyword: Srotas, Artav-vaha srotas, Ritu Charka, female reproductive system