ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF LANTANA CAMARA L. LEAF
Article Category: Original Research articles
Author: Ramya NS *, Subrahmanya P
Abstract: The world of flora is vast and immense, but unfortunately, known species of plants are getting endangered day by day due to improper collection and excessive usage. Many species of medicinal plants are unknown to the pharmaceutical industry and are widely utilised by folklore practitioners. So, it is necessary to evaluate and explore the therapeutic uses of such medicinal plants. Medicinal plants play an essential role in drug discovery. Lantana camara L. is a species of flowering shrub in the family Verbenaceae. It is an important medicinal plant with several medicinal uses in the traditional system of medicine. It has been used to cure many health problems in different parts of the world. Thus, it is necessary to explore the drug's identity through proper pharmacognostic and phytochemical analysis. Hence the present study was aimed at a pharmacognostic and phytochemical study on the leaf of Lantana camara L. The transverse section of the midrib shows the presence of an arch-shaped vascular bundle. The percentage of extraction yield was maximum in methanolic extract (24.36%). The drug's phytochemical study showed the presence of protein, carbohydrates, Gallo tannin, saponin, flavonoids, steroids, and phenols, and ash analysis revealed the presence of chlorides.
Keyword: Lantana camara L., phytochemical study, pharmacognosy