ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: EARLY DETECTION AND VALIDATION OF PREVENTIVE MEASURES OF ORAL SUBMUCOSAL FIBROSIS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SARVASARA MUKHAROGA: A LITERARY REVIEW
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Vaishali Ambade *, Madhukar Lahankar
Abstract: The oral cavity is considered a reflection of the body's internal systems. As a result, significant efforts must be done to keep it healthy and free of chronic illnesses that may result in unfavourable outcomes. Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating condition of the oral cavity that involves the formation of constricting bands of collagen fibre in the oral mucosa over time, resulting in restricted movement of the mouth and tongue and eventually hindered or problematic speech and difficulty swallowing food. Many pharmacological and surgical techniques have been used in modern terms, but the outcomes have been unsatisfactory due to recurrence and dire consequences. When the symptomatology of OSMF is compared to Ayurvedic classics, it can be classified as Vata Pitta Pradhana Sarvasara Mukharoga. An attempt was made here to explore preventive measures for OSMF using Ayurvedic methods. This study will discuss treatment at both the local and systemic levels. Local modalities such as vrana shodhana and, vrana ropana pratisarana (rubbing) & kavala (gargling) halt disease progression, and these local therapies prevent and reverse fibrosis while also improving motor functions of the mouth. Systemic therapy restores balance and improves the oral mucosa's vitality. This study emphasizes how the treatment approach is superior to all other surgical and nonsurgical treatments. Early withdrawal of destructive behaviours and adequate therapy with ayurvedic medications aid in managing OSMF.
Keyword: Sarvasara Mukharoga, Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF), Vrana Shodhana, Vrana Ropana, Pratisarana, Kavala.