ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW OF EFFICACY OF VIRECHANA KARMA IN MADHUMEHA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Jyoti Kaushik *, Ajay Kumar, Tina Singhal
Abstract: The lifestyle of human beings in the present era is full of stress and strain due to busy work schedules and changes in dietary habits. This leads to various lifestyle disorders, out of which Madhumeha (Diabetes mellitus) is the burning one. Diabetes has become the leading cause of death nowadays because it is the single most important metabolic disease that affects nearly every organ/system of the body. So, its treatment is crucial. The word Madhumeha combines two words, “Madhu” and “Meha”, which means sweet and excessive urine flow. In Ayurvedic classics, 20 types of Prameha are described, and Madhumeha has been described as a subtype of Vatik Prameha. There are two types of Prameha rogi according to Charaka Samhita, i.e., sthula pramehi and krisha pramehi. In sthula pramehi, kapha and pitta are predominant and in krisha pramehi, vata is predominant. So, for krisha pramehi, brahmana chikitsa is indicated, and for stuhla pramehi, samshodhan chikitsa is indicated to expel out vitiated doshas. In the former type, patients are usually asthenic and can be correlated with Diabetes Mellitus type I and in the latter type, patients are obese and can be equated with type II Diabetes Mellitus. Virechana karma, by its mode of action, not only works on pitta dosha but also on vata and kapha dosha and hence helps regulate high blood sugar levels.
Keyword: Diabetes mellitus, Madhumeha, Virechana, Samshodhan, Panchakarma