International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy

ISSN Online:2229-3566

ISSN Print: 2277-4343


Article Category: Review articles

DOI: 10.7897/2277-4343.140249

Pages: 99-103

Author: Sanjivani Narsingrao Kadam *, Gurunath D Khanolkar, Kishorkumar Madavi, Jayashree Mhaisekar, Dnyaneshwar Meshram

Abstract: Nowadays, many people complain about cervical pain. Everyone is busy with work, which requires long sitting hours and improper posture. The use of mobile and laptops is increasing nowadays. Because of all these reasons, cervical region diseases are increasing in the community. Greeva is called “Uttamang” in Ayurveda. The posterior aspect of greeva contains various structures. It is a complex structure of bones, muscles, vessels, nerves, ligaments, and tendons. It contains the important structure of bone, i.e., cervical vertebrae. They give neck structure, support the head and provide a wide range of neck movement. It also contains various intervertebral joints, which offer movements like flexion, extension, and lateral neck rotation. The cervical spine contains intervertebral discs, which act as shock absorbers to the demands positioned on the spine. They also provide a cushion between the vertebrae during weight-bearing activities. Many muscles are present in the cervical region; not all are attached to the spine, but many do. Krukatika marma is located on the posterior region of the greeva at the junction of the head and neck. Injury to this marma causes ‘Chala Moordhata’, i.e., instability of the head. The neck is covered by numerous muscles which allow a lot of different movements of the head. These muscles contain many tiny and elastic fibres. The complaints we see in everyday life are spasms, strain, headache, and numbness in the neck region. All these complaints are associated with injury to neck muscles. Many vital structures in the posterior of the greeva make it an important topic for study.

Keyword: Greeva, Cervical region, marma