ISSN Print: 2277-4343
Article: AN APPRAISAL OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF AGADTANTROKTA CHATURVIMSHATIVISHA CHIKITSA UPAKRAMA IN KAUMARBHRITYA
Article Category: Review articles
Author: Gohiya Ashwini Shivprasad *, Anjankar Meghsham Pramodrao, Nikam Ashwin Vithalrao, Pawade Uday Venkatrao
Abstract: Visha chikitsa is the main aspect of Agadtantra, one of the branches of Ashtanga Ayurveda. Though Agadtantra deals with poisons, their properties, and their toxic effects, it primarily focuses on its treatment part. For this purpose, various classical texts describe different treatment modalities of the poisoning. Charaka explained the basic principle of poisoning treatment as Chaturvimshati Visha Chikitsa Upakrama. This is a unique contribution by Acharya Charaka in the management of poisoning. Poisoning is one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity worldwide. The indication of twenty-four Visha Chikitsa Upakrama in the pediatric age group is unclear. Hence, there is a dilemma in the Ayurved physician’s mind regarding its use in Kaumarbhritya (Pediatric). The classical texts, precisely Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Samgraha, Ashtanga Hridaya, Kashyapa Samhita, Harita Samhita and Bhavaprakasa Samhita, were searched and scrutinised for references of use of these 24 treatment modalities in pediatric age group. Various related research articles from the internet were also studied. The present study provides compiled knowledge about indications and contraindications of these Chaturvimshati Visha Chikitsa Upakrama, which will be helpful while treating poisoning cases in the paediatric age group. Hence, this is an attempt to evaluate the significance of Agadtantrokta Chaturvimshati Visha Chikitsa Upakrama in Kaumarbhritya.
Keyword: Agadtantra, Visha, Twenty-four treatment Modalities, ChaturvimshatiVisha Chikitsa Upakrama, Pediatric, Kaumarbhritya.